Educational ladder of student participation

Tool Nr.: 
Developed by: 

Den Otter, M. (2015). Voicing: geef leerlingen een stem. 9 aanraders. Dordrecht: Instondo.

Hart, R. (1992). Children's participation from tokenism to citizenship [Voicing: giving students a voice. 9 advices. Florence: Unicef.

Purpose of the material: 

To deterime the current level of student participation in educational activities.

To create awareness for educators on the the desired level of student participation.


Theachers and developers can use the tool to determine the level of participation that is given to students and to make choices on the desired level of participation.

How you can use this material in your practice: 

When student participation opportunities are prepared, used or adpated.


This material reflects only the author’s view; the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.