- Den Otter, M. (2015). Voicing: geef leerlingen een stem. 9 aanraders. Dordrecht: Instondo.
- Hart, R. (1992). Children's participation from tokenism to citizenship [Voicing: giving students a voice. 9 advices. Florence: Unicef.
The purpose of this model is to determine the current level of student participation in educational activities and to create awareness of educators of the desired level of student participation.
Theachers and developers can use the model to determine the level of participation that is given to students and to make choices on the desired level of participation.
When student participation opportunities are prepared, used or adpated.